Most Ashkenazi Jews Trace Maternal Lineage To Europe, Study Finds

Orange Says ‘No Money’ in Europe as Carriers Fight EU Rules

Her goal is to encourage data use, increase investment and make Europe more like a single market. Carriers say theyre being deprived of an important revenue source in a difficult market amid price wars and weak economies in several EU countries. Bringing down barriers is ultimately good for the sector, Kroes said in a keynote speech today. But you cant do that without removing roaming surcharges, without removing the arbitrary high charges for calling across borders. European telecommunications companies have invested 2 percent less annually on infrastructure in the last five years, meaning 3.5 billion euros ($4.7 billion) less was spent in 2012 than 2008, according to a survey by Boston Consulting Group commissioned by the European Telecommunications Network Operators association, which hosted the conference. Consolidation Freedom Carriers revenue is also expected to fall as much as 2 percent a year in the industry until 2020, for a cumulative decline of as much as 190 billion euros, according to the report. Carriers want more freedom to consolidate and less regulatory oversight over aspects of their networks, such as what technology they can run on their networks or how much they can charge other companies to use their infrastructure, executives said today. They say they need the freedom to consolidate within markets to stabilize prices. There is very little in the proposals that concretely allow us to drive further consolidation, Philipp Humm , Vodafone Group Plcs head of Europe, said at the conference. Even so, the industrys frustration with regulators may be driving an increase in share valuations as mergers and acquisitions pick up for the industry across Europe, said Robin Bienenstock , an analyst with Sanford C. Bernstein. In Spite The regulation event has proven to be so inordinately time-wasting and frustrating and dead-end that youre starting to see companies act, Bienenstock said at the event. The regulations are so lousy that people are starting to act in spite of it. Oranges Richard said that while he previously wouldnt pursue deals because he was convinced regulators would reject them, hes decided the best strategy is to test the market with deals to find out what regulators will tolerate. We cannot compete in our environment anymore, said Timotheus Hoettges, deputy CEO of Deutsche Telekom.

By Tia Ghose, / October 8, 2013 The find contradicts the notion that European Jews mostly descend from people who left Israel about 2,000 years ago. clh/HO/The Wellcome Trust/Reuters The Christian Science Monitor Weekly Digital Edition Though the finding may seem intuitive, it contradicts the notion that European Jews mostly descend from people who left Israel and the Middle East around 2,000 years ago. Instead, a substantial proportion of the population originates from local Europeans who converted to Judaism, said study co-author Martin Richards, an archaeogeneticist at the University of Huddersfield in England. Tangled legacy Little is known about the history of Ashkenazi Jews before they were expelled from the Mediterranean and settled in what is now Poland around the 12th century. On average, all Ashkenazi Jews are genetically as closely related to each other as fourth or fifth cousins, said Dr. Harry Ostrer, a pathology, pediatrics and genetics professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and the author of “Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People” (Oxford University Press, 2012). RECOMMENDED: Are you scientifically literate? Take our quiz But depending on whether the lineage gets traced through maternal or paternal DNA or through the rest of the genome, researchers got very different answers for whether Ashkenazi originally came from Europe or the Near East. Past research found that 50 percent to 80 percent of DNA from the Ashkenazi Y chromosome , which is used to trace the male lineage, originated in the Near East, Richards said. That supported a story wherein Jews came from Israel and largely eschewed intermarriage when they settled in Europe. [ The Holy Land: 7 Amazing Archaeological Finds ] But historical documents tell a slightly different tale.

Western bank retreat clouds emerging Europe’s recovery -IMF

, with significant vulnerabilities.” The Fund would present a report on that process on Oct 17. Central and eastern Europe enjoyed strong growth for years before the global financial crisis erupted in late 2008, and the region incorporates a diverse mix of economies. They include powerhouse Poland and more vulnerable countries like Serbia – which announced an austerity plan on Tuesday as it eyes a deal with the IMF – and euro zone state Slovenia, which may need aid from the bloc to rescue its domestic banks. Western lenders, dominant players in the region’s financial sector, used to provide plentiful capital and financing that propelled growth. But faced with pressure from within the euro zone to boost their capital positions, many have been pulling back from emerging Europe, and they accelerated that withdrawal in the first quarter. “Deleveraging is continuing and there is a risk that it could accelerate again,” Roaf said, adding that countries in south east Europe were most at risk. Serbia laid out painful spending cuts on Tuesday, as it looks to a deal with the Fund early next year to reassure investors and cut borrowing costs. Roaf said the IMF was “ready to support (Serbia)… in any way that suits”. HIGHER FORECAST FOR POLAND On Poland, the region’s biggest economy, Roaf said the IMF would soon raise its 2014 economic growth forecast to about 2.5 percent from 2.2 percent now as investment was picking up and exports had been doing well. But the new forecast would already be close to the potential growth rate at which Poland’s economy can expand without creating imbalances. This is much lower than the 4-5 percent registered before 2008 and unlikely to be enough to bring down the 13 percent unemployment rate, denting 37-million-strong nation’s aspiration to quickly close the wealth gap with its Western counterparts. The IMF official said structural reforms to make the business environment more investment-friendly could help speed up growth, but this was something countries had to work on.