United States, China, And Leaders Of G-20 Countries Announce Historic Progress Toward A Global Phase Down Of Hfcs
Yet there is one person who has studiously avoided invoking R2P: President Obama. When making the case for airstrikes, he has stressed the need to enforce the worldwide ban on the use and production of chemical weapons. When theres a breach this brazen of a norm this important, and the international community is paralyzed and frozen and doesnt act, then that norm begins to unravel, Obama warned in a Friday news conference at the G-20 summit in St. Petersburg. Yet the chemical weapons ban is not the only international norm at stake in the Syrian civil war. Although the U.S. government has endorsed R2P most recently in the presidents 2010 National Security Strategy U.S. officials appear unenthusiastic about invoking it as a rationale for combating mass murder and atrocities. While the Syrian conflict has grown in scale and intensity, Obama and his aides have not used responsibility to protect to rally the international community to help civilians. Of course, R2P is not the only tool the administration has to address genocide and other mass atrocities. Officials say their policy is to work aggressively to stop such crimes, though not necessarily through the prism of R2P.
United States considers training rebel groups in Syria (updated)
Once the United States militarily gets involved in Syria, there is no turning back. President Obama has said if the United States moves forward with the air strike, it won’t turn into another Iraq or Afghanistan, and he said , “We’re not considering any boots-on-the-ground approach.” However, anyone who believes limited strikes will not escalate into larger scale commitment is underestimating the complexity of the conflict. And besides, the United States isn’t even committed to a regime change. If an attack does take place, the state of global relations could become severely impacted. Any military action will stir up an already angry hornet’s nest including Russia and Iran. Russia has strong ties to the Assad regime, and has already lashed out at the United States. Russian president Vladimir Putin rejected the American evidence that Syrian forces used chemical weapons, calling it “utter nonsense.” Iran recently sent 4,000 troops to Syria, and a U.S. air strike could increase tensions and reignite hostility over their nuclear program. Iran’s Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warned the United States today, saying , “We believe that the Americans are committing a folly and mistake in Syria and will, accordingly, take the blow and definitely suffer.” Furthermore, a U.S. invasion in Syria could also have deadly consequences on Israel. The Syrian government could potentially retaliate with strikes against Israel, opening up an even greater Middle Eastern conflict. Financially speaking, we cannot afford another military engagement.
United States Bears Legal, Moral Responsibility to Act Immediately to Stop Imminent Massacre at Camp Ashraf
With three matches remaining, the Americans (4-2-1) have 13 points and a five-point lead over fourth-place Mexico, which lost a shocker at home to Honduras. The first three finishers automatically earn a berth in the 2014 Brazil World Cup. Costa Rica won this match with an initial, unmatched spurt. Costa Rica defender Johnny Acosta outleaped Clint Dempsey for a header off a corner in the second minute. His shot sneaked into the net off the head of DaMarcus Beasley, standing about a yard from the inside post. Kevin C. Cox/Getty Images Clint Dempsey scores the only U.S. goal on Friday night. The Americans were beaten again on another header in the 10th minute after a cross from the left side by Cristian Bolanos to Celso Borges. The U.S. was awarded a penalty kick in the 43rd minute when Fabian Johnson was tripped while chasing a looping pass from Graham Zusi.
The United States Needs to Stay Out of Syria
We emphasize the importance of the Montreal Protocol, including as a next step through the establishment of an open-ended contact group to consider all relevant issues, including financial and technology support to Article 5 developing countries, cost effectiveness, safety of substitutes, environmental benefits and an amendment. We reiterate our firm commitment to work together and with other countries to agree on a multilateral solution. Background: HFCs are potent greenhouse gases used in refrigerators, air conditioners, and industrial applications. While they do not deplete the ozone layer, many are highly potent greenhouse gases whose use is growing rapidly as replacements for ozone-depleting substances being phased out under the Montreal Protocol. Left unabated, HFC emissions could grow to nearly 20 percent of carbon dioxide emissions by 2050, a serious climate mitigation concern. The Montreal Protocol was established in 1987 to protect the ozone layer. Every country in the world is a party to the Protocol, and it has successfully phased out or is in the process of phasing out several key classes of chemicals, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), and halons. The transitions out of CFCs and HCFCs provide major ozone layer protection benefits, but the unintended consequence is the rapid current and projected future growth of climate-damaging HFCs. For the past four years, the United States, Canada, and Mexico have proposed an amendment to the Montreal Protocol to phase down the production and consumption of HFCs. The amendment would reduce consumption and production and control byproduct emissions of HFCs in all countries, and includes a financial assistance component for countries that can already access the Protocols Multilateral Fund. The proposal leaves unchanged the reporting and accounting provisions of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and Kyoto Protocol on HFC emissions. Reducing HFCs are an important domestic component of the Presidents Climate Action Plan, as well. For example, the Administration has already acted domestically by including a flexible and powerful incentive in fuel efficiency and carbon pollution standards for cars and trucks to encourage automakers to reduce HFC leakage and transition away from the most potent HFCs in vehicle air conditioning systems. Moving forward, the Environmental Protection Agency will use its authority through the Significant New Alternatives Policy Program to encourage private sector investment in low-emissions technology by identifying and approving climate-friendly chemicals while prohibiting certain uses of the most harmful chemical alternatives. In addition, the President has directed his Administration to purchase cleaner alternatives to HFCs whenever feasible and transition over time to equipment that uses safer and more sustainable alternatives.
17, 2012. (photo credit: Muhammed Muheisen/AP) The White House is considering sending U.S. military trainers to Syria to help the rebel fighters organized against the Bashar al-Assad regime, according to an Obama administration source. The program would expand a CIA training program already in place in Jordan. There are at least 1,000 troops in Jordan, including trainers working with Jordanian forces, according to the Pentagon. According to an Associated Press story , the U.S. left about a dozen fighter jets and a Patriot missile battery there after a recent training exercise. The White House official said no decision had been made on training in Syria, but that discussions were on-going. No specific recommendations for such a mission has been submitted by the Pentagon, officials said. Controversy of just who would be trained to fight the Assad regime exploded Thursday when The New York Times published a video showing rebel forces executing a handful of captured Syrian government forces. An official with the administration acknowledges that finding a trustworthy group to help train could be a problem. The Los Angeles Times , however, reported last week that the CIA has been training Free Syrian Army forces for nearly a year on the use of anti-tank and anti-aircraft weaponry at secret U.S. training bases in Jordan and Turkey.
Senate Candidates Largely United By Opposition To Syria Strike
There is no guarantee that American military action, limited or otherwise, will save any Syrian lives,” Abeler said in a statement. “However, it is near certain that such military action will serve to escalate the situation there and affect the Middle East in general. President Assad will certainly react in a hostile way, most likely resulting in more deaths. We will then feel forced to react again, even more intensely. How this spiral of escalating intensity will end, no one can predict. “We need to learn from the lessons of Vietnam and other “non-wars” we have fought. These wars never stay as small as expected, because war itself is not predictable. If the real goal is to stop the use of chemical weapons, we need to focus on that.” St. Louis County Commissioner Chris Dahlberg (R) — IN FAVOR “I definitely don’t want to see any boots on the ground unless you can demonstrate it is for a national security interest,” said Dahlberg. “On the other hand this is an issue to me that is bordering on the question of genocide. As a military man, I know that war is ugly to have an onslaught attack on innocent civilians, I feel like there is a point where the U.S.
United States has 12-game winning streak snapped by Costa Rica, 3-1, in World Cup qualifying match
Two young boys sit underneath a washline in a refugee camp on the border between Syria and Turkey near Azaz on December 5. The bodies of three children, who were allegedly killed in a mortar shell attack that landed close to a bakery in Aleppo, on December 2, are laid out for identification by family members at a makeshift hospital at an undisclosed location of the city. Smoke rises in the Hanano and Bustan al-Basha districts in Aleppo on December 1 as fighting continues through the night. Damaged houses in Aleppo are seen after an airstrike on November 29. A Syrian rebel mourns the death of a comrade in Maraat al-Numan on November 20. Syrians protesters stand on Assad’s portrait during an anti-regime demonstration in Aleppo on November 16. A Syrian rebel takes cover during fighting against Syrian government forces in Aleppo on November 15. Syrian opposition fighter Bazel Araj, 19, sleeps next to his pistol in Aleppo on November 11. A rebel fighter fires at a Syrian government position in Aleppo on November 6. A Syrian rebel leaps over debris left in the street while running across a “sniper alley” near the Salahudeen district in Aleppo on November 4. Rebels hold their position in the midst of a battle on November 3 in Aleppo. A man cries while being treated in a local hospital in a rebel-controlled area of Aleppo on October 31. A man is treated for wounds after a government jet attacked the Karm al-Aser neighborhood in eastern Aleppo on October 31.
United States and Kiribati Sign Maritime Boundary Treaty
News United States Bears Legal, Moral Responsibility to Act Immediately to Stop Imminent Massacre at Camp Ashraf Like Done 5 hours ago WASHINGTON, Sept. 6, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ –The US Committee for Camp Ashraf Residents (USCCAR) has learned of information indicating Iraq’s Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, directed by Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei through Quds Force Commander Qassem Soleimani, is preparing to commit another massacre in Camp Ashraf imminently. The US Government must act swiftly and decisively now to warn Maliki against any attacks, secure the release of 7 residents who were taken hostage on September 1st by the Iraqi Forces, and condemn the Maliki Government for last Sunday’s massacre. Emboldened by the utter absence of a firm reaction by the US government and President Obama to the massacre of 52 unarmed residents of Camp Ashraf last Sunday, Maliki and his Iranian cohorts intend to continue with their initial plan of exterminating all Camp Ashraf residents and execute the survivors. The plan’s next phase is to massacre the residents of Camp Liberty. The Maliki Government has viewed the US Government’s inexplicable and cowardly silence and inaction since last Sunday as a green light for “finishing the job” at camps Ashraf and Liberty. Since 2004, US Administrations, time after time, have given their written commitments to protect the unarmed and defenseless residents of Camp Ashraf who were given the “Protected Persons” status under the Fourth Geneva Convention by the United States. The Iraqi Government has given an ultimatum to the residents of Camp Ashraf until tomorrow. The US government is undoubtedly aware of Iraq’s plan for the impending massacre and, therefore, its refusal to act would make it complicit in any further bloodshed. The families of the residents of Camp Ashraf hold the United States Government directly responsible for any harm done to their loved ones. As many Members of Congress have said over the past week, any US aid to Iraq must be cut off immediately until and unless Iraq adheres to its international commitments and until all the perpetrators of massacre at Camp Ashraf are identified and brought to justice. Since January 2011, some 3000 residents of Camp Ashraf, all political refugees, have been transferred to Camp Liberty to be re-settled in third countries. Some 100 residents remained behind according to a quadripartite agreement between the US, the UN, Iraq, and the residents to oversee the properties of the residents.
Could Syria strike back if United States, allies, attack?
Majuro,September 6, 2013-This afternoon, the United States and the Republic of Kiribati signed a boundary treaty delimiting the waters between their two countries. The boundary treaty was signed on behalf of the United States by Ambassador Frankie A. Reed and, for the Republic of Kiribati, by President Anote Tong. The treaty was signed in Majuro, Marshall Islands, in connection with the Pacific Islands Forum. During the signing ceremony Ambassador Reed said, This maritime boundary treaty with Kiribati further highlights that the U.S. is a pacific nation. We look forward to deepening our already strong relationship with Kiribati here at the Forum and in November, during the 70thanniversary of the Battle of Tarawa. She added, The negotiations leading up to this important moment were extremely cordial, productive, and efficient, and the U.S. team extends its appreciation to Kiribatis representatives for the manner in which the two negotiating teams were able to work together in a spirit of collaboration. It was truly a pleasure to work together with Kiribati on this important endeavor. President Tong said, The signing of this Maritime Boundary Delimitation Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and my country signify the vital importance of clearly establishing the national limits of jurisdictions under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). This also marks the final maritime treaty to be signed by Kiribati with herneighboringstates. I am immensely proud of this milestone that my country has taken in finalizing her maritime jurisdiction to enhance her management and governance over its ocean resources. President Tong noted that the signing was a result of collaborative and tireless works amongst several agencies within Kiribati as well as the international partners including the SOPAC Division of SPC, Forum Fisheries Agencies, Geoscience of Australia, Australian Attorney Generals office, University of Sydney, UNEP Arendal and Commonwealth Secretariat, with funding from AUSAID. The treaty is a significant accomplishment for both countries and signifies the collaborative spirit and friendly relations between the United States and Kiribati. It represents the first treaty to delimit a maritime boundary that the United States has signed since 2000 and reflects the United States growing effort to address unsettled maritime boundaries with its neighbors. Using three separate boundary lines, the treaty will divide the maritime space between the U.S. islands of Palmyra Atoll, Kingman Reef, Jarvis Island and Baker Island and the Kiribati Line and Phoenix island groups. The treaty, with appropriate technical adjustments, formalizes boundaries that had been informally adhered to by the two countries previously on the basis of the principle of equidistance, such that the lines are equal in distance from each country. The three boundaries, taken together, approximate 1,260 nautical miles in length and form the second longest among all U.S.